Skin Pigmentation (Hyperpigmentation) – Causes, Home Remedies and Tips

What Is Skin Pigmentation?

Skin pigmentation or hyperpigmentation is a skin condition that develops due to excessive production of melanin, the pigment that gives human skin, hair, and eyes their colour. At certain instances, your body can go into hyperdrive and overproduce melanin, leading to dark, irregular and uneven coloured patches on your skin. Although the disorder isn’t damaging in most cases, it can act as an indication of some underlying medical issue and can also make the skin appear rough and unhealthy.

Which Factors Lead to The Development of Hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation can be triggered because of a number of factors, which include:

  1. Skin damage due to extreme sun exposure
  2. Allergic reactions
  3. Any form of skin injury
  4. Inappropriate removal of facial hair
  5. Overuse of certain medications
  6. Hormonal fluctuations

How to Treat Skin Pigmentation Naturally?

Wondering about how to remove skin pigmentation? Well, Mother Nature has quite a few answers to this. Instead of spending on chemical-based products that are toxic in the long run for the user and the planet, follow these home remedies for skin pigmentation that will help to get rid of blemishes, dark spots and uneven skin tone.

1. Lemon Juice and Turmeric Powder

Ingredients

  • Lemon Juice- 1 tablespoon
  • Turmeric Powder- 1 tablespoon

Prep Time

2 minutes

Treatment time

15 minutes

Method

  1. Mix the ingredients together to form a smooth paste
  2. Apply the paste on the pigmented body parts after cleansing your skin
  3. Rinse with lukewarm water after 15 minutes

Benefits

Turmeric is an ancient herb with medicinal properties that can make your skin vibrant and glowing and at the same times gets rid of any blemishes or blotchy skin as turmeric helps in getting the clear, radiant and healthy skin. Lemon is antibacterial and useful in maintaining the pH balance of your skin.

How Often To Use

Every night, before going to bed.

2. Yogurt, Oatmeal and Tomato Mask

Ingredients

  • Yogurt- half teaspoon
  • Oatmeal- 2 teaspoon
  • Tomato- juice of 1 tomato

Prep Time

2 minutes

Treatment time

20 minutes

Method

  1. Blend all the ingredients together to make a coarse mixture
  2. Apply it on the affected areas of your skin
  3. Let it dry naturally (can take up to 20 minutes)
  4. Wash off with lukewarm water

Benefits

The lactic acid present in yogurt helps to tighten skin pores, reducing blemishes. Tomato can be used as a face pack as it helps to revive dull skin. Oatmeal acts as an effective exfoliator, uncovering younger and healthier layers of the skin by getting rid of dead cells.

How Often To Use

Once a day

3. Raw Potato

Ingredients

  • Raw potato- 1
  • Water- few drops

Prep Time

2 minutes

Treatment time

10 minutes

Method

  1. Cut a clean and washed potato into halves
  2. Sprinkle few drops of water onto the cut side of the raw potato
  3. Using circular motions, rub the potato on the pigmented skin
  4. Rinse with lukewarm water after 10 minutes

Benefits

An enzyme called, catecholase is found in potatoes that control the melanin-producing cells and restricts it from creating excessive pigmentation. Hence, potatoes are beneficial to treat pigmented areas, dark spots, and blemishes.

How Often To Use

3-4 times daily for a month

4. Red Onion

Ingredients

  • Fresh red onion- 1

Prep Time

2-5 minutes

Treatment time

10 minutes

Method

  1. Rub sliced onion onto the dark areas of your skin
  2. If convenient, you can extract the onion juice and use it on the pigmented areas as well
  3. Wash off with lukewarm water after 10 minutes

Benefits

Onions are rich in vitamin C that acts as a natural antioxidant. It can cure pigmentation effectively.

How Often To Use

Twice daily

5. Oils

Ingredients

  • Any oil of your choice from wheat germ oil, jojoba oil, castor oil, coconut oil, olive oil or neem oil – 1 tablespoon

(You can also use a blend of these oils)

Prep Time

2 minutes

Treatment time

30 minutes

Method

  1. Wash your skin and pat dry with a soft towel
  2. Apply the oil and massage it onto your skin for few minutes
  3. Leave it for 30 minutes
  4. Wash with a gentle cleanser and pat dry

Benefits

Oils such as wheat germ oil, jojoba oil, castor oil, coconut oil, olive oil and neem oil, all have healing properties that help to lighten scars and restore your natural skin tone.

How Often To Use

Once a day

Check here to know more about List of Essential Oils With Its Benefits & Usage

6. Apple Cider Vinegar

Ingredients

  • Apple Cider Vinegar- 1 teaspoon
  • Water-2 tablespoons

Prep Time

2 minutes

Treatment time

5 minutes

Method

  1. Mix water with apple cider vinegar to make a diluted solution
  2. Apply it on the affected skin areas
  3. Rinse with lukewarm water after 5 minutes

Benefits

Apple cider vinegar contains astringent properties that are useful in restoring the skin’s natural pigment. It is also a source of beta-carotene that takes care of damaged skin cells, making your skin healthy and supple.

How Often To Use

Twice every day

7. Papaya

Ingredients

  • Papaya Pulp- 2 tablespoon
  • Honey- 1 tablespoon
  • Milk- 1 tablespoon

Prep Time

2 minutes

Treatment time

30 minutes

Method

  1. Blend the ingredients to create a smooth paste
  2. Apply the paste onto your skin and let it naturally dry
  3. Wash off with lukewarm water after 30 minutes

Benefits

An enzyme called papain is present in papaya because of which papaya acts as a natural exfoliator for the face. It breaks down and eradicates dead skin cells while promoting cell regeneration. Honey and milk are known to give a radiant glow to your skin.

How Often To Use

Twice a day

8. Lime

Ingredients

  • Lime juice- juice of 1 lime
  • Organic honey- 2 teaspoon

Prep Time

2 minutes

Treatment time

15 minutes

Method

  1. Mix the lime juice with honey
  2. Apply the mixture on the affected areas of your skin
  3. Rinse with lukewarm water after 15 minutes

Benefits

Lemon contains citric acid that acts as natural bleach and honey works well as a skin moisturiser. When the goodness of both these ingredients is combined, it protects your skin from UV damage and lightens dark spots.

How Often To Use

Twice a day

9. Yogurt

Ingredients

  • Plain Yogurt (full fat) – 1 tablespoon

Prep Time

2 minutes

Treatment time

20 minutes

Method

  1. Apply the yogurt on the dark areas of your face and skin
  2. Leave it for 20 minutes
  3. Wash off with lukewarm water

Benefits

The lactic acid present in yogurt gently exfoliates your skin and also reduces the production of melanin. This improves the texture of your skin, speeding up the process of skin lightening

How Often To Use

Twice a week for 2 months

10. Avocados

Ingredients

  • Ripe Avocado- 1

Prep Time

2 minutes

Treatment time

30 minutes

Method

  1. Mash the avocado to extract the lump-free, smooth pulp
  2. Apply it onto the pigmented spots of your skin
  3. Rinse with lukewarm water after 30 minutes

Benefits

Avocados are good for skin as they contain vitamin C and oleic acid which nourish the skin and maintain its firmness. Although it is an ideal remedy for hyperpigmentation, it can cause allergies in some people.

How Often To Use

Twice a day for a month

11. Aloe Vera

Ingredients

  • Raw honey- half tablespoon
  • Aloe vera gel- 2 tablespoon

Prep Time

10 minutes

Treatment time

20 minutes

Method

  1. Blend the ingredients well and let it set for 10 minutes
  2. Apply the mixture onto your skin and wait for 20 minutes
  3. Rinse with lukewarm water

Benefits

Aloe vera acts both as an excellent cleanser and a moisturizer. Aloe vera protects your skin from sun damage and fades dark spots without altering the natural pH and oil balance of your skin

How Often To Use

Once every day for two weeks

12. Vitamin E

Ingredients

  • Vitamin E capsule- 2 or 3
  • Castor oil- 3 to 4 drops

Prep Time

5 minutes

Treatment time

Overnight

Method

  1. Puncture the vitamin E capsules and add castor oil to it
  2. Mix well and apply it on the affected skin before going to bed
  3. Rinse it off with warm water the following morning

Benefits

Vitamin E is an antioxidant that helps to neutralize the effects of harmful UV rays, protecting your skin and repairing the damaged skin cells. Castor oil moisturizes your skin, making it soft and healthy

How Often To Use

Every night, before going to bed for a month

13. Cucumber

Ingredients

  • Cucumber juice- 1 tablespoon
  • Lemon juice- 1 tablespoon
  • Honey- 1 tablespoon

Prep Time

2 minutes

Treatment time

10 minutes

Method

  1. Combine all the ingredients to get a smooth blend
  2. Apply the mixture onto the dark areas of your skin
  3. Rinse with lukewarm water after 10 minutes

Benefits

Cucumber acts as a cooling agent and helps to reduce freckles and blemishes. When lemon and honey are mixed with cucumber, it rejuvenates your skin cells, improving the complexion and texture of your skin

How Often To Use

Twice a day daily

14. Orange Peels

Ingredients

Prep Time

3-4 days + 2 minutes

Treatment time

20 minutes

Method

  1. Dehydrate the orange peels by sun drying them
  2. Grind the dried orange peels to make a smooth powder
  3. Add rest of the ingredients to the powder and mix well
  4. Apply it onto the pigmented spots of your skin
  5. Rinse with lukewarm water after 20 minutes

Benefits

Orange peels contain citric acid that reduces melanin content and cures blemishes and pigmentation. Milk and honey makes your skin soft and radiant while lemon helps to lighten uneven skin complexion

How Often To Use

3-4 times every week

15. Sandalwood

Ingredients

  • Sandalwood Powder- 2 tablespoon
  • Rose water- 2 tablespoon

Prep Time

2 minutes

Treatment time

30 minutes

Method

  1. Blend the ingredients to form a smooth paste
  2. Apply it onto your skin and wait for 30 minutes
  3. Wash off with lukewarm water

Benefits

Sandalwood loaded with lots of benefits, is often used in sunscreen as it can protect your skin from extreme sun exposure. It also acts as an effective blood purifier and helps to get rid of dark patches

How Often To Use

Twice a day

16. Sugar Scrub

Ingredients

  • Raw honey- 1/4 cup
  • Raw sugar- 1 cup

Any facial oil (sweet almond oil) – half cup

Any essential oil (lavender or tea tree) – 10 drops

Prep Time

3 minutes

Treatment time

8 minutes

Method

  1. Mix all the ingredients together. Add more sugar if the consistency is too oily for your skin type
  2. Massage the affected areas of your face and body with this home-made scrub for 7-8 minutes
  3. Rinse with warm water

Benefits

The DIY scrub can be stored for at least 1 month as it contains raw honey and essential oils. Using it will get rid of dead cells from your skin without stripping off the moisture, thus fading the pigmented spots.

How Often To Use

Thrice a week for a month

17. Banana

Ingredients

  • Banana (mashed) – half
  • Honey- 1/4 teaspoon
  • Milk- 1 teaspoon

Prep Time

5 minutes

Treatment time

30 minutes

Method

  1. Add honey and milk to the lump-free mashed banana
  2. Prepare a smooth paste and smear it onto the affected areas of your skin
  3. Rinse your skin with warm water after 30 minutes

Benefits

Banana is an excellent source of benefits with potassium that is responsible for keeping your skin healthy and nourished. The natural exfoliating properties present in banana cleanses your skin and treats skin pigmentation

How Often To Use

Twice every week for a month

18. Almond

Ingredients

  • Almonds- 5 to 6
  • Honey- 1 teaspoon
  • Lemon juice- few drops
  • Milk (optional) – half teaspoon

Prep Time

Overnight + 5 minutes

Treatment time

Overnight

Method

  1. Soak the almonds in water and leave them overnight
  2. Make a fine paste of the soaked almond by evenly grinding them. Add a little milk if necessary.
  3. Add the other ingredients to the almond paste and mix well.
  4. Apply the mixture onto the pigmented areas of your skin
  5. Let it rest overnight
  6. In the morning, wash off with cold water

Benefits

Almond oil is used for face as they are rich in vitamin E that is considered as a powerhouse of antioxidants. It takes care of irregular skin pigmentation and keeps your skin soft.

How Often To Use

Initially, every night for a period of two weeks. Cut down the usage to twice a week after two weeks

19. Red Lentil Face Pack

Ingredients

  • Masoor Dal (Red Lentils) – 1 tablespoon
  • Honey- 1 teaspoon
  • Yogurt- 1 teaspoon
  • Lime juice- 1 teaspoon
  • Milk- 3 tablespoon

Prep Time

Overnight + 5 minutes

Treatment time

15 minutes

Method

  1. Leave the lentils soaked in milk overnight
  2. Grind the lentils in the morning and add rest of the ingredients
  3. Blend everything together to form a fine paste
  4. Apply the pack on your face and let it dry for 15 minutes
  5. Rinse with lukewarm water

Benefits

This pack is one of the most effective skin pigmentation remedies as red lentils have a high protein content that aids to eliminate dead skin cells. The other ingredients retain the natural moisture of your skin, keeping it fresh and supple

How Often To Use

Twice every week

20. Raw Honey

Ingredients

  • Raw honey- 2 tablespoon
  • Milk- 1 tablespoon

Prep Time

2 minutes

Treatment time

10 minutes

Method

  1. Cleanse your face with a mild face wash and pat dry
  2. Combine honey and milk together and apply the mixture on your face
  3. Rinse with lukewarm water after 10 minutes

Benefits

Homey provides deep nourishment to your skin and gently dissolves dead skin cells, revealing the underlying layer of fresh new skin. The improvement in the cell turnover will make your hyperpigmentation disappear eventually

How Often To Use

Every night before bed for one month

Effective Tips to Minimize the Risk of Hyperpigmentation

1. Stay Hydrated

Drinking plenty of water, green juices, and fresh coconut water on a regular basis is the best possible way to rejuvenate your skin and keep yourself hydrated. Dehydrated skin cells tend to get “sticky” and inhibit the development of new skin cells. This can contribute to the formation of dark spots, scars, and uneven skin tone caused due to acne and other skin ailments.

2. Patience is the Key

The skin pigmentation doesn’t miraculously disappear overnight. The healing of dark spots and blemishes needs patience and continued care of the skin.

3. A Proper Skincare Routine

An effective skincare practice that is ideal for your skin type won’t just reduce the chances of hyperpigmentation, but will also keep your skin healthy and fresh. Following preventive home remedies for skin pigmentation and using a gentle skin exfoliator to get rid of dead cells, will ensure a happy and even-toned skin.

4. Take Care of Yourself

Environmental irritants, pollution, stress, unhealthy eating habits and extreme sun expose can lead to various skin disorders. Often hyperpigmentation can develop as a side effect. Furthermore, the habit of picking acne is a strict no-no as it will increase inflammation and make any existing hyperpigmentation worse.

Also read: Benefits and uses of Honey for face and skin care.

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Shreoshi Mitra
Hello everyone, this is Shreoshi from the cultural capital of India, Kolkata. Well, I have been associated with the content and creative writing for more than a year now after I completed my post-graduation in Journalism and Mass Communication last year (2018). While doing my graduation as an English honour’s student, I fell in love with the subject both literally and metaphorically. As a matter of fact, I recently started teaching a bunch of kids as well, because why not! There’s no harm in spreading a little knowledge right! Writing started as hobby-cum-passion which should become a profession for me. It gives me an immense sense of freedom and helps to channelize my thoughts well. Writing for Anveya has opened up new horizons for me as I realised my articles regarding personal care, home care, and wellness can influence someone’s perception and way of thinking. While a lot of people wanted me to take up political science as my major because I was one of the top scorers in the city, I always believed that creativity and art is where my heart belongs… and it really feels good to know that I was right from the beginning.

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